1800s
1900 - 1920
1920s
1930s
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1950s
1960s
1970s
1980-83
1984-85
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995 A-C
1995 D-Z
1996 A-C
1996 D-N
1996 O-R
1996 S-Z
 1997 A-D
1997 E-H
1997 I-O
 1997 P-Q
 1997 R-S
1997 T-Z
1998 A-D
1998 E-F
1998 G-K
1998 L-N
1998 O-P
1998 Q-R
1998 S
1998 T-Z
1999+
   



Useful Info
History Sites
FINDER

1984 - 1985       

FIRST INTERNET (USENET) MENTION  OF ELECTRONIC CAMERAS - 1984.  Dejanews.com pioneered research into past articles on the web. Later, Google acquired Deja assets and continued the program. A web search by DigiCamHistory.Com in March of 2002 found a 1984 message mentioning electronic cameras.  The message was by Debbie Byrd on 27 October 1984, on the net.astro newsgroup.  Debbie discussed the use of an electronic camera on a telescope in Chile used to photograph the planet Neptune.

canon RC-701 still video system 1984 canon d413 still video system camera 1984 canon rc-701 still video camer  canon d413 still video camer olympic photo 1984

Canon RC-701 Still Video System                                                              Canon D413 Still Video System camera                                                         1984 Olympic photo taken with D413 camera

CANON AT OLYMPIC GAMES - 1984.  In July, 1984, Canon conducted a trial of a professional color still video camera (the Still Video System D413, prototype developed into the RC-701, camera shown in middle images) and an analog transmitter at the Los Angeles Olympics.  The images were transmitted back to Japan via phone lines in less than 30 minutes.  They were then printed in the Yomiuri newspaper (image on far right.  Immediately before the Games, Canon announced its successful development of a color electronic still camera designed for commercial broadcasting use.  Using a regenerator and transmitter developed at the same time, the company conducted practical tests at the '84 Olympics.  The color electronic still video camera with a 400K pixel CCD used in the tests was the first practical application for public use.  With the cooperation of the Yomiuri Shimbun, a leading Japanese daily newspaper, images taken by the still camera were experimentally transmitted to Japan over telephone lines, and proved to be supremely successful.  Based on data and experience from those tests, Canon began product development, culminating in the Canon Still Video System of 1986.  Popular Photography, October 1984, p48.  We believe we were the first digital camera history web site to provide a photo and information concerning this camera and its use in the 1994 Olympics.

http://global.canon/en/c-museum/history/story06.html

 

commodore amiga a1000 pc 1984commodore a1000 designer signatures
COMMODORE AMIGA A1000 - 1984.  (First shown in 1984, marketed 1985) The Amiga was the very first personal computer with superior graphics and sound capabilities with a GUI (graphic user interface) environment.  It provided multi-tasking capability with driver-and-library-using design.  There were two versions of the Amiga 1000. The first one sold only in the USA, had a NTSC display, and no EHB video mode.  Later versions would have this built in. The second version had a PAL display, the enhanced video modes (EHB), and was built in Germany.  It could digitize pictures, video, and display still images with 4096 colors when in the HAM mode (static display).  The Amiga A1000 was a significant advance over other systems at the time as it included a 32bit pre-emptive multi-tasking GUI, 4 channel stereo sound, 880k 3-1/2 inch floppy disks, and video modes which provided 4096 colors as standard equipment when other systems were monotasking at just 16 colors. The Amiga could simultaneously  display multiple windows at different resolutions on a single monitor.  It became a favorite of artists and animators because its multiple co-processors allowed it to do complex images and animations that other systems of the time could not handle (with the exception of expensive workstations).  The Amiga A1000 has the signatures of all of it's designers cast into the inside of it's case, including the paw print of Jay Miner's (Amiga developer) dog Mitchy.  MSRP $1300.

http://www.old-computers.com/museum/computer.asp?c=28
http://oldcomputers.net/amiga1000.html


 
 

copal still video camera prototype 1984

COPAL PROTOTYPE - 1984.   The Copal CV-1 electronic camera prototype had a  2/3-inch CCD and a 9-27 mm zoom, f/1.2 lens.  It was Shown at Photokina in 1984 and in Popular Photography, January 1985, p55.  We believe we were the first digital camera history web site to provide a photo and information concerning this camera.

https://www.focus-numerique.com/news/retro-photo-de-1981-a-1984-les-premiers-pas-14801.html

 

hitachi still video camera prototype 1984


HITACHI MOS STILL VIDEO CAMERA PROTOTYPE - 1984.   This camera had a 2/3-inch MOS image sensor with horizontal resolution of 300 TV lines.  Shutter 1 to 1/500 sec.  Framing rate of  3.5 fps.  25 frame capacity.  Popular Photography, October 1984, p35.   We believe we were the first digital camera history web site to provide a photo and information concerning this camera.

https://www.focus-numerique.com/news/retro-photo-de-1981-a-1984-les-premiers-pas-14801.html



Koala Macvision Video Digitizer 

KOALA MACVISION VIDEO DIGITIZER - 1985.  Full-motion video cameras were used to capture video images and MacVision was used to make snap-shots of the video input. It used an algorithm which was made by Bill Atkinson (He who wrote QuickDraw, MacPaint, HyperCard).   Koala MacVision was a $400 combination hardware/software interface to digitize still frames from a video camera or VCR. The MacVision box plugged into either the Printer or Modem port. Data streamed in slowly: small frames took about six seconds to appear, a full-screen image took 22 seconds.

https://richardsnotes.org/2008/03/07/digital-camera-journal/

http://32by32.com/macvision/


konica cv-301 video camera 1984

KONICA CV-301 - 1984.  The CV-301 was the world's smallest video camera at that time, but still used a image pickup tube rather than a CCD or CMOS chip. It was unusual for its pistol-grip shape which was made possible by the clever placement of the pickup tube - in the handle! The CV-301 could be used with portable VHS, VHS-C, CVC and some other types of recorders, but not Betamax. Information provided by Total Rewind.

http://www.totalrewind.org/ 

ge 1cvc4030e video camera and tape recorder 1984

GE 1CVC4030E - 1984.  One of many early model video cameras which required an external tape recorder. Playing a tape onto a TV also required a power supply for the recorder. The camera shown above was obtained on eBay in excellent condition with original case and manual for $1.

canon cl-10 color video camera 1985canon cl-10 color video camera ad 1984
CANON Ci-10 - 1985.  Color video camera with 9 mm lens.  508 x 466 pixel CCD.  Image sensor of 8.8 x 6.6mm.   Ci-10 size was 102 x 53 x 27 mm (H x W x D) and weighted around 289 grams without a lens. Sensor used was 3.8 megapixels (380 000 px) 6.6 x 8.8 mm. It allowed a resolution of 300 TV lines sensitive up to 20 lux. It also had a 1.4x optical zoom.  Images could be recorded on still video floppy discs (with proper equipment). See reference below. Popular Mechanics, December 1985, page 14.   We believe we were the first digital camera history web site to provide a photo and information concerning this camera.

https://books.google.com/books?id=deMDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA14&lpg=PA14&dq=Canon+%2B+"CI-10"+%2B+1985&source=bl&o

ts=w9JQddBq2u&sig=pwjZtfCUnEC1PHXyC5VxR7wl5cc&hl

=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi7o56d1vPYAhVS11MKHa9fCGQQ6AEITTAJ#v=onep

http://ieeecss.org/CSM/library/1988/june1988/w37-41.pdf

http://www.nytimes.com/1985/09/29/arts/camera-will-tape-be-the-film-of-the-future.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helmet_camera

https://pevly.com/action-camera-history/


apple macintosh 128k computer 1984
MACINTOSH COMPUTER - 1984.  Apple introduced the Macintosh computer in January 1984 with an emphasis on graphics and user friendly interface.  The first Macintosh didn't have a model number - it was simply the Macintosh. There was no name on the front.  Early 128Ks said "Macintosh" on the back, while later ones were marked "Macintosh 128K" to distinguish them from the Macintosh 512K. MSRP $2,500.   Digital Photography, Mikkel Aaland, 1992, p11.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macintosh


megavision digital scanline camera 1984   

MEGAVISION 1024XM VIDEO / DIGITAL STILL CAMERA SYSTEM - 1984.   The MegaVision 1024XM was designed to acquire, process, analyze, and display 1024 x 1024 pixel images. MegaVision designed a 1000-line (a scanline, vidicon tube)  1024 x 1024 resolution video camera to be used with their 1024XM image processor (photo above left), or a Westinghouse ETV-2000 TV camera (above right) could be used with the 1024XM which could provide 2,000 x 2000 pixel color pictures.     The 1024XM had  up 32 MB of internal  image memory.  The system also included an 800 MB removable optical disk which would equate to about 70 full high quality color publication pages.  MSRP for the complete system was about $200,000.   We believe we were the first digital camera history web site to provide a photo and information concerning this camera.

www.mega-vision.com/about/about.htm

http://www.mega-vision.com/megavision_history.html

http://cool.conservation-us.org/coolaic/sg/emg/library/pdf/vitale/2008-06-vitale-history_imaging_technology.pdf



 
 

panasonic prototype still video camera 1984panasonic nikon prototype still video camera 1984

PANASONIC PROTOTYPE ELECTRONIC CAMERA - 1984.  This camera had a 500 x 600 pixel CCD with a 14-42mm zoom  f/2 lens.  Shutter speed was 1/15-1/1,000 second.  It was shown at Photokina 1984 and appeared in Popular Photography, January 1985, p55.  It was an analog still video camera and recorded to two-inch floppy disks.  Click on image to see enlarged photo and parts drawing.  The camera on the right is a Nikon prototype built for Nikon by Panasonic.  We believe we were the first digital camera history web site to provide a photo and information concerning this camera.

https://www.focus-numerique.com/news/retro-photo-de-1981-a-1984-les-premiers-pas-14801.html
 

Poynting FS-2505


POYNTING FS-2505 - 1984.  In the mid 80's the Poynting company built a digital video camera for industrial applications which could acquire, store, and display a strobe illuminated image for high speed inspection. They  added a digital video memory to a CID TN2505 (GE) solid state camera.  The camera functioned by A/D converting the video signal, storing that data in digital memory, and then reading that digital memory to reproduce the video signal using a D/A converter.  This camera could be the first commercially available Digital Video Camera.  When the memory was updated, the video was real time, but when updating memory was inhibited, the video was a freeze frame image. Poynting had been building external digital freeze frame buffers for the camera which was only 388 x 248, so when the 64K by 1 bit memory became available, they put the memory and camera together.

https://www.flickr.com/photos/16701219@N00/6322846194/


Sony discman d-5, d-50 cd pl;ayer 1984 

SONY DISCMAN (D-5, D-50 PORTABLE CD PLAYERS) - 1984.  Sony introduces portable CD players.


 http://www.sony.net/SonyInfo/CorporateInfo/History/sonyhistory.html

 

 

Atari Mitsubishi Picture Phone

ATARI / MITSUBISHI PICTURE PHONE - 1985.  The Lumaphone began as a division of the Atari Video Game Company. The division was called Ataritel. This particular phone was developed in 1983. Atari Sold the division to Mitsubishi in 1984. The "Lumaphone", the Atari Videophone in its finished form, was advertised in 1985 and sold by Mitsubishi Electric of America in 1986 as the Luma LU-1000. The Lumaphone could transmit an image in 3-5 seconds and could have a parallel printer attached for printing out small black and white images (Mitsubishi P60U). Also, a TV could be hooked up to the unit for conference room meetings. If a larger video image was desired for the home or office desk, the optional VisiTel LU-500 could be attached. This Lumaphone, VisiTel (in new condition) and information were kindly provided by Mike Mozart of JeepersMedia.   We believe we were the first digital camera history web site to provide a photo and information concerning this camera.

mitsubishi p60u lumaphoneprinter mitsubishi visitel lu-500 lumaphonemonitor

Mitsubishi P60U and Mitsubishi VisiTel LU-500

http://www.atarimuseum.com/ataritel/index.html

http://www.youtube.com/user/JeepersMedia




  Dr. Bradley Paxtlon

  Kodak still video system  Kodak  SV8300

KODAK STILL VIDEO SYSTEM - 1985.   A 19 September 1985 article in the New York Times discussed the Kodak announcement of an impending Kodak still video system to be test marketed that winter in selected areas.  The system was to include a compact floppy disk, a still video player and a device for producing instant prints of TV images.  This announcement was made by Daniel Carp, VP for Kodak's consumer electronics division.  A similar statement was put out by a Kodak spokesman, Mike Sullivan.  He said the system contained a color video imager (MSRP $700) which would turn a TV set into an instant electronic camera producing hard copy prints of anything on the screen as well as making instant color prints from images on the floppy disk.   Dr. K. Bradley Paxton was directing the Development Group in Daniel Carp’s Consumer Electronics Division in the Fall of 1985.  The group engineered the Kodavision Camcorder with Matsushita and after that, the Modular Video System, based on 8mm mag tape. The Kodavision was the world’s first 8mm camcorder. The were also developing the Kodak Still Video System on their own, which was designed for still video images, stored on a 2 1/4 inch floppy disk.  The 'Four Bubble Diagram'  design concept by Dr. Paxton is shown above left.  By the Fall of 1986 the group had become The Electronic Photography Division with Dr. Paxton as General Manager and Vice-President.   They completed the SVS development and were actively selling systems at that time.  That  SV system became the Kodak SV system shown on our 1987 page.  The system diagram on the 1987 page is the finished version of Dr. Paxton's diagram shown in the photos above on the lower left.  The SV8300 camera is one of five designed especially for this system, but was not sold commercially.  A book by Dr. Paxton (Pictures, Pop Bottles and Pills) describing the entire process as well as much of Kodak's history in the '60s and forward is currenlty available on Amazon.com.  A complete Still Video System in working condition was donated to the George Eastman Museum in Rochester, New York (Todd Gustavson, Technology Curator).   We believe we were the first digital camera history web site to provide a photo and information concerning this still video system.

A MYSTERY CAMERA - A German web site shows a photo of a camera that appears similar to the Kodak SV8300, but which has a "Kodak SV8200" designation on the front.  The site states that it was the first still camera in the world with built-in miniature cathode-ray tube (TV tube) as a viewfinder and that the controls were on the top rather than the rear as the SV8300 had.  Dr. Paxton who was in charge of the development of the Kodak still video system does not recall any such camera.  Peter Sucy who was also part of the program says that the photo may be of a wooden mockup that was used for product photography purposes at that time.  He remembers that the wooden mockup had a different model number than the documents he was creating.  He also says that the lens shown on the SV8200 photo appears to be a Kodak Zoom projector lens with rub-on lettering identifying it as a still video lens.  If it is a wooden mockup shown in the SV8200 photo, that could explain the confusion about the camera's specs, use of a CRT viewfinder, etc.  Unless someone steps forward who knows the real story behind the SV8200 photo, it may forever remain a mystery. 

https://www.nytimes.com/1985/10/27/arts/camera-kodak-boosts-electronic-pictures.html

THE DEMISE OF KODAK - Kodak was founded by George Eastman and Henry Strong in1888. For well over one hundred years it was dominant in the photography industry, but once again we have proof that no matter how big a company is, or for how many years it has been successful, poor management can cause even the strongest company to fail.  Dr. Paxton and other outstanding engineers at Kodak developed the first ever electronic cameras, but most of those in upper management at Kodak were not interested. They thought that film would remain the dominant (and most profitable) product well into the future and that electronic cameras were just interesting toys that would never amount to anything useful for a long time to come.  As a result, they ignored the growing competition by other companies and did not aggressively pursue their early advantage in electronic technology. In 2012, after 124 years of being one of the world's most successful companies, Kodak declared bankruptcy.  The stockholders lost their investment, thousands of employees lost their jobs, and America lost a major industry to foreign competition. Very sad.


Fuyji MOS prototype

FUJI MOS Prototype - 1985.  Zoom lens, 400K pixel sensor.  Camera was reported to be little more than a box with no image storage capability.   Images were shown on a video monitor.  Not a first as it was preceded by the 1984 Hitachi MOS prototype described above.   Popular Photography - June 1985 - Page 68, 69.   We believe we were the first digital camera history web site to provide a photo and information concerning this camera.

https://books.google.com/books?id=eceHrUipmB4C&pg=PA68&dq=%22PMA+%2785%22+%2B+MOS&hl=en&sa=X&ved

=0CCcQ6AEwAGoVChMIkIqD5ImTxwIViVoeCh16zAbi#v=onepage&q=%22PMA%20'85%22%20%2B%20MOS&f=false



sony ccd-v8 8mm videotape camcorder 1985

SONY CCD-V8 - 1985.  World's first camcorder capable of recording video on standard 8mm videotape. 250K pixel CCD. 6X zoom. 1.97kg. c.$1175 in Japan. The photo  is of the original CCD-V8 which was manually focused. This model is very rare as production ceased as soon as the AF model was made available.  Both the manual focus and the auto focus model are in the DigiCamHistory.Com collection.

FOR MORE INFO CLICK HERE

Sony ccd-v8af video camera case exterior 1985sony ccd-v8af videocamera case interior 1985

SONY CCD-V8AF - 1985.  The cased camera is an improved model, the CCD-V8AF, which as the name suggests, incorporated auto-focusing, the first 8mm camcorder to do so. Collectors, you missed out on this one. The CCD-V8AF shown above in new-from-factory condition with carrying case and all accessories was obtained on Yahoo Auctions for a winning bid of just $40!

A TALE OF TWO CAMERAS by Jack Carter (a dickens of a different sort). The CCD-V8 video camera was manual focus only and radically different than the following CCD-V8AF model. The CCD-V8 did have distance markers on the lens to aid in focusing manually, a feature retained by the CCD-V8AF. The CCD-V8 had no internal auto focus parts, circuit boards, or manual / auto focus switch on the outside. However, the early CCD-V8AF camera which replaced the CCD-V8 model had a hunting problem, not being able to decide where the correct focus point should be. The auto focus motor would operate continuously and cause the battery to run down. Professionals would habitually turn off the auto focus in order to conserve battery life. The CCD-V8AF had two types of auto focus: infrared and through-the-lens. The infrared model would measure distance by sending out an infrared beam which reflected back to a sensor. It had two major flaws: 1) difficulty in focusing on a dark object, the dark object adsorbing the infrared beam completely with no return to the sensor; 2) the beam would reflect from glass windows causing the lens to focus on the glass rather than on the intended subject. The through-the-lens system operates similar to the human eye, adjusting the focus for finest detail. The early through-the-lens AF models also had hunting problems, never being satisfied as to the sharpest focus point and then shutting down the auto focus after a few seconds, the solution at the time if the camera wasn't moved. The CCD-V8 and the CCD-V8AF were quite different internally and the lens of the CCD-V8 was long enough so that you could easily focus it by hand. Later cameras didn't have a lengthy protruding lens because the auto focus system worked very well, focusing as rapidly as the human eye.

http://www.sony.net/SonyInfo/CorporateInfo/History/sonyhistory-f.html

sony ccd-m8 first pocket book 8 mm camcorder 1985

sony ccd-m8 8 mm camcorder case interior

SONY CCD-M8 - 1985.  World's first 'pocket-book' 8mm camcorder - lightest weight (1.0kg) and smallest size. Record-only function. 270K pixels (Gross) CCD .

http://www.rewindmuseum.com/history.htm

sony bmc-220 betamovie video camera 1985

SONY BETAMOVIE BMC-220 - 1985.  Similar to the BMC-100/110 of 1983, but with auto-focus.

http://www.betainfoguide.net/BTMpage.htm

 

canon 8 vm-e1 canovision 8 mm camcorder 1985canon 8 vm-e1 canovision camcorder set 1985
CANON 8 VM-E1 - 1985.  Canon releases the Canovision 8 VM-E1, its first integrated (all in one unit) 8mm video camcorder. Canon was second after Sony in releasing an 8mm camcorder. MSRP $1,400.

https://global.canon/en/c-museum/product/8mmvc310.htm



fujix es-1 still video camera kit 1985fujix es-1 still video camera front view 1985fujix es-1 still video camera side view 1985fujix es-1 still video camera with floppy 1985

FUJI  ES-1 - 1985.  STill video camera.  2/3-inch 640 x 480 pixel CCD.  3X 50-150mm manual zoom SLR. Three photos on the right provide by adfans@hotmail.com. Also see: Understanding Electronic Photography, John J. Larish, 1990, p34.  We believe we were the first digital camera history web site to provide a photo and information concerning this camera. 

http://mashable.com/2013/09/16/1985-tech/#5n7g1u4dksqx
 

 

konica svc-20 still video camera prototype 1985

KONICA SVC-20 - 1985.  Prototype still video camera.  2/3-inch, 300K pixel CCD.  Through the lens viewing with 9mm-27mm zoom lens. Up to eight frames per minute. Understanding Electronic Photography, John J. Larish, 1990, p35. Popular Science, October 1985. Photo provided by Mike Mozart of JeepersMedia.   We believe we were the first digital camera history web site to provide a photo and information concerning this camera.

https://books.google.com/books?id=eceHrUipmB4C&pg=PA68&dq=%22PMA+%2785%22+%2B+MOS&hl

=en&sa=X&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAGoVChMIkIqD5ImTxwIViVoeCh16zAbi#v=onepage&q=%22PMA%20'85%22%20%2B%20MOS&f=false

http://www.youtube.com/user/JeepersMedia

http://www.jrussbeauchamp.com/dcs/extras.php

konica svc-40 still video camera prototype 1985

KONICA SVC-40 - 1985.  Prototype still video camera.  2/3-inch 300K pixel CCD.  Auto-focus, 12-38mm f/1.4 zoom lens. Recorded on mini floppy dics. Understanding Electronic Photography,John J. Larish, 1990, p35. Popular Science, May 1987, page 86.   We believe we were the first digital camera history web site to provide a photo and information concerning this camera.

https://rrlu.wordpress.com/2012/10/27/go-through-with-some-digital-camera/

http://www.jrussbeauchamp.com/dcs/extras.php

toshiba digital still picture cassette tape recorder 1980/85

TOSHIBA DIGITAL STILL PICTURE RECORDER - 1985.  The first report of recording still images on an audio cassette tape digitally was made by Toshiba in 1980, and they then produced a prototype of this recording technology in 1985 as published by the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers).  A video camera or other analog device could feed data into the Digital Still Picture Recorder where the images were digitized and stored on ordinary C90 audio cassette tape.  The Digital Still picture Recorder is the bottom piece of equipment shown in the photo with an audio recorder on top. The system was never placed on the market.  We believe we were the first digital camera history web site to provide a photo and information concerning this camera.

http://sts.kahaku.go.jp/diversity/document/system/pdf/039_e.pdf

https://books.google.com/books?id=JMLisXAYl5kC&pg=RA1-PA40&lpg=RA1-PA40&dq=TOSHIBA+%2B+DIGITAL+STILL+PICTURE+RECORDER%22+%2B+1985&source

=bl&ots=y3Eh2wUHhq&sig=1KbmGJTKvNpqvc6Bfw65uAkkXSA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj65_zi3fPYAhXLvVMKHVNyC9MQ6AEIVDAN#v=onepage&q=

TOSHIBA%20%2B%20DIGITAL%20STILL%20PICTURE%20RECORDER%22%20%2B%201985&f=false


https://www.infona.pl/metadataExport/bwmeta1.element.ieee-art-000004071210/

http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/4071210/


PIXAR Digital Imaging Processor - 1985.  Pixar introduces a digital imaging processor.
http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blkidprimer6_12photo.htm


1984 - 1985
 

1800s
1900 - 1920
1920s
1930s
1940s
1950s
1960s
1970s
1980-83
1984-85
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995 A-C
1995 D-Z
1996 A-C
1996 D-N
1996 O-R
1996 S-Z
 1997 A-D
1997 E-H
1997 I-O
 1997 P-Q
 1997 R-S
1997 T-Z
1998 A-D
1998 E-F
1998 G-K
1998 L-N
1998 O-P
1998 Q-R
1998 S
1998 T-Z
1999+
   



Useful Info
History Sites
FINDER